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Sport Classes (Categories)

Paratriathlon Sport Classes (categories) *new as of 2014

ITU Paratriathlon has implemented an evidence-based classification system to group impairments into sport classes according to the extent of activity limitation they cause the athlete when performing in the sport of paratriathlon.

The recognized types of impairment by the ITU are:

 
Impairment Type
Examples of Health Conditions that may cause such impairment
 Impaired muscle power
Spinal cord injury, muscular dystrophy, brachial plexus injury, Erbs Palsy, polio, spina bifida, Guillian- Bare Syndrome
 Impaired passive range of movement
 Ankylosis, arthrogryposis, post burns joint contractures. Does not include hypermobility of joints.
 Limb Deficiency
 Amputation resulting from trauma or congenital limb deficiency (dysmelia)
 Hypertonia  Cerebral palsy, brain injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis
 Ataxia  Cerebral palsy, brain injury, multiple sclerosis, Friedrichs ataxia, spincerebellar ataxia
 Athetosis  Cerebral palsy, stroke, brain injury
 Vision Impairment
 Myopia, tunnel vision, scotoma, retinitis pigmentosa, glaucoma, macular degeneration, congenital cataract

The five sport classes are as follows:

PT1 - Wheelchair users. Includes athletes with comparable activity limitation and an impairment of, but not limited to: muscle power, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis that prevent the ability to safely ride a conventional bike and run. Through classification assessment, athletes must have a score of up to 640,0 points. Athletes must use a recumbent handcycle on the bike course and a racing wheelchair on the run segment;

PT2 - Includes athletes with comparable activity limitation and an impairment of, but not limited to, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia and or athetosis, impaired muscle power or range of movement that through classification assessment have a score of up to 454,9 points. In both bike and run segments, amputee athletes may use approved prosthesis or other supportive devices.

PT3 - Includes athletes with comparable activity limitation and an impairment of, but not limited to, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia and or athetosis, impaired muscle power or range of movement that through

classification assessment have a score from 455,0 to 494,9 points. In both bike and run segments, the athlete may use approved prosthesis or other supportive devices.

PT4 – Includes athletes with comparable activity limitation and an impairment of, but not limited to, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia and or athetosis, impaired muscle power or range of movement that through classification assessment have a score from 495,0 to 557,0 points included. In both bike and run segments, the athlete may use approved prosthesis or other supportive devices.

PT5 - Total or Partial visual Impairment (IBSA/IPC defined sub-classes B1, B2, and B3): Includes athletes who are totally blind, from no light perception in either eye, to some light perception but unable to recognize the shape of a hand at any distance or in any direction (B1) and partially sighted athletes with a visual acuity of less than 6/60 vision or visual field less than 20 degrees with best corrective vision (B2-B3). One guide is mandatory throughout the race. Must ride a tandem during the bike segment.

National Classification System

All athletes who are interested in racing in paratriathlons on the national level, need to attend an event where classification is being offered. The USA national classification rules and regulations are similar to the ITU classification rules in regulations. The idea behind the USA having a national level classification system is so that athletes can first be seen by a USA classification panel and can be placed into the correct sport class (PT1-PT5). This will help alleviate any stress or uncertainty when you go to compete in ITU level races and will be seen by an international classification panel

How it works:

  1. Register for an event where classification is being offered
  2. USAT will assign you a specific classification appointment time in advance of this event
  3. See your MD or Opthalmologist and have him/her fill out specific paperwork as it relates to your impairment
  4. Bring these documents and all of your racing equipment to your appointment where you will undergo specific range of motion and muscle power tests
  5. Classifiers will assign you a provisional sport class to race in the event
  6. Classifiers will then observe you in competition during the race
  7. After observation they will confirm your sport class

The following events are offering national classification:

  1. 2015 USA Paratriathlon National Championship
    Austin, Texas
    May 22-25
  2. 2015 Nantucket Triathlon
    Nantucket, Massachusetts
    July 17-18

USA Classification Master list

USA Classification Policies and Procedures

Required Classification Forms
Physical Impairment Medical Diagnostic Form

Visual Impairment Medical Diagnostic Form


ITU Classification System

The International Triathlon Union (ITU) has its own Classification Policies and Procedures that are to be followed at all ITU-sanctioned paratriathlons.

2015 ITU Classification Rules and Regulations Manual

2015 ITU Physical Impairment (PI) Classification Opportunities:

  • Penrith OTU Paratriathlon Oceania Championships: One classification panel on FRI 9 - SAT 10 Jan
  • Monterrey CAMTRI Paratriathlon American Championships: Two classification panels on FRI 30 Apr - SAT 1 May
  • Sharm al Shaik ATU Paratriathlon Africa Championships: One classification panel on FRI 8 May
  • Madrid ITU World Paratriathlon Event: One (Potentially Two) classification panel on FRI 8 - SAT 9 May
  • Yokohama ITU World Paratriathlon Event: One classification panel on FRI 15 - SAT 16 May
  • Geneva ETU Triathlon European Championships: One classification panel on WED 8th to THU 9th Sep. ONLY for athletes with “R” status or Protest Management.
  • Detroit ITU World Paratriathlon Event: One panel with classification on THU 13 - FRI 14 Aug
  • ITU World Triathlon Grand Final Chicago: One classification panel on THU 17 to FRI 18 Sep. ONLY for athletes with “R” status or Protest Management.
  • Subic Bay ASTC Paratriathlon Asian Championships: One classification panel - DATES TBD

2015 ITU Visual Impairment (VI) Classification Opportunities:

  • Madrid ITU World Paratriathlon Event: One (Potentially Two) classification panel on FRI 8 May

ITU is closely working with IBSA and IPC to announce further opportunities as soon as possible.

There may be more opportunities added later on in the season. Where only one panel is present, no protest resolution is possible. The events in BOLD are where USA athletes have the best shot at obtaining a classification appointment.

Athletes will only be granted a classification appointment when they are added to the start list of the event.

Athletes looking to race in the Elite or Open Paratriathlon World Championships in Chicago will need to have a "C" or "R" from a 2014 or 2015 ITU race.

ITU Required Medical Forms
Physical Impairment Medical Diagnostic Form
Visual Impairment Medical Diagnostic Form
Consent for Classification
Provisional Classification Form *only needed when attending a race where no panel is scheduled to be

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